It smells like skanky, stale vodka when you sniff your first one. Then it singes your throat with its flaming jet-fuel flavor, making your throat beg for mercy. Sake (pronounced “sah KAY). This memory is why I avoided it for so many years. But recently a sake enthusiast transformed me, and I learned that this drink, the quality stuff, is worth exploring.
Sake is not a spirit, although the lower-quality ones certainly taste like a $1 shot in a college bar. It’s described as “rice wine,” but sake is actually a grain-fermented beverage like beer. However, it tastes closer to wine and isn’t carbonated.
Sake production begins by “polishing” the outer layer of specially selected short-grain rice to expose its inner starch. After the rice is cleaned, soaked and steamed, sake brewers use a Japanese mold called koji to break down the starch into sugar for fermentation. Adding yeast and water starts the process of converting this sugar into alcohol; then it’s filtered, pasteurized — except for some specialty sakes — and bottled.
After a six-month aging period, it’s ready to drink. Unlike wine, sake doesn’t improve with age and should be consumed within six months after bottling. The fresh ones should be transparent, so shy away from those taking on a darker hue.
Several different types of “premium” sake exist on our markets. To be labeled “premium,” at least 40 percent of the rice grain must be polished away, and sometimes as little as 30 percent of the grain remains after this arduous process. This is one reason for the higher prices.
The best sakes I tried were the ginjo, junmai and daiginjo varieties. Junmai sake is full-bodied, earthier and smacks of wild mushrooms. Ginjo tastes light-bodied and has a slightly fruity aroma. Daiginjo is one quality step above the ginjo, and is the cleanest and nuttiest. There’s also unfiltered, cloudy sake with a milky appearance — the lack of filtration leaves particles of rice floating in it.
In style, sakes range from sweet to dry. The sweetness profile in all of these “wines” varies, so it’s best to ask your server before ordering. I found the best sake selections in sushi restaurants to be the ones hailing from Japan, California and Oregon.
Premium sakes should be served chilled or at room temperature. The hot sakes you’ll find in many places are heated to cover up their cheap, harsh flavors. Heating sake also gives it that Kamikaze taste, leading many to believe sake is high in alcohol. In reality, sake is about 15 percent alcohol — only slightly more than wine. Incidentally, sake contains no sulfites and is free from hangover-inducing congeners found in many wines and dark-colored spirits. A bonus.
I tend to think that sake is best before dinner, as an appetizer, rather than with food, although many disagree. Try a lighter, cleaner sake with spicy Asian foods or sushi. It’s an acquired taste, but don’t rule it out.
Masumi Okuden Kantsukuri Junmai “Mirror of Truth” Sake
A little like the pinot noir of sakes — earthy, mushroomy but without cherry and raspberry. Hearty, bracing licorice. Sweetness = 0. $23 (750 ml bottle). 4 stars
Dewazakura Oka Ginjo “Cherry Bouquet” Sake
This sake smells like ripe red cherries, toasted almonds and honeydew melon. Tastes like them, too, but very dry with only a slight Sweetness. Sw = 1. $28 (750 ml). 3.5 stars
Hoyo Kura No Hana Daiginjo Sake
Almonds and a very distinct flavor of steamed rice. (Imagine that?) Herby like ginseng or chamomile tea, but very refined and smooth — no biting, harsh flavors. Sw = 0. $35 (500 ml). 3 stars
Momokawa Pearl Nigori Genshu Sake
A fascinating unfiltered sake with coconut, banana and almond aromas and taste. Creamy, with tiny bit of sweetness in it. Sw = 1. $11 (750 ml). 3 stars
Pretty informative. Just a few comments.
Junmai actually isn’t a type of sake. It is a descriptor indicating that the sake is pure (no added brewers alcohol). So there is ginjo and daiginjo and then there is junmai ginjo and junmai daiginjo. Traditionally, any junmai sake should have little to no burning sensation, really, you shouldn’t even be able to there is alcohol in it at all.
Even more so than with traditional, European wine, with sake you get what you pay for. 50 dollars for a bottle of sake may sound steep, but in the end it is far better than spending 20 on a lesser bottle of inferior sake that will sour your impressions of this wonderful drink!
Thank you for the clarification.